As a manager / supervisor of MEWP's do I need training?

Under the new BS EN 8460 2017 , clearly states that supervisors and managers of MEWP require adequate training to enable them to select, manage and organise the correct MEWP for site.

IPAF have a MEWP for Managers training course which would prove adequate training for supervisors and managers.

The Health and Safety at Work act states that all personnel should have adequate Information, Instruction. training and supervision!

Do I need a harness in a MEWP?

One of the biggest risks when using boom-type platforms is being thrown out of the basket if the boom swings, jolts or tilts away from the machine’s centre of gravity (this can occur when travelling in a MEWP), or if the operator overreaches (usually by standing on the guard rails). Other causes can be impact by other vehicles or snagging the boom or basket on obstructions.

The precautions described in this guidance are designed to minimise the chances of this happening but any risk assessment must still consider the use of personal fall prevention equipment. Where there is a risk of impact or someone falling from a boom-type MEWP, those people should wear appropriate fall prevention equipment.

The preferred option is to stop the person falling from the work platform by using a work restraint system.

A work restraint system should normally consist of a full body harness (BS EN 361) connected to a lanyard (BS EN 354) which is connected to an anchor point on the MEWP basket. From the anchor point, the lanyard length should be short enough to prevent a person reaching a position where they could fall. The lanyard may contain an energy-absorbing device (BS EN 355), but should still only be used as part of a work restraint system.

Do not use retractable type fall arresters (BS EN 360) unless they are suitable and have been specifically tested in the proposed manner of use.

Do I need a MEWP Rescue Plan?

Under the working at Height Regulations, when working at height you must have a rescue plan, an example of a rescue plan can be found here. Click here

Do passengers in MEWPS need a licence?

No, only the operator requires training and familiarisation on the particular MEWP. However, the passenger will be required to wear the correct PPE.

Does the Rescue person on the ground need training?

It is preferable for any nominated MEWP ground rescue person to have undergone some form of formal training relevant to the task.

However, all nominated MEWP ground rescue persons should, as a minimum, have been familiarised with the MEWP being used and the rescue procedures in place, in order that they are competent to lower the MEWP platform using the ground/emergency controls in the work situations to which they are exposed. Further information on rescue procedures can be found in the

Best Practice Guidance for MEWPs on Avoiding Trapping/Crushing Injuries.

First Aid needs assessment. First Aid risk assessment

HSE cannot tell you what provision you should make for first aid. You, as an employer, are best placed to understand the exact nature of your workplace and decide what you need to provide.

First aid provision must be ‘adequate and appropriate in the circumstances’. This means that you must provide sufficient first aid equipment (first aid kit), facilities and personnel at all times.

In order to decide what provision you need to make you should undertake a first-aid needs assessment. This assessment should consider the circumstances of your workplace, workforce and the hazards and risks that may be present. The findings will help you decide what first-aid arrangements you need to put in place.

In assessing your first-aid needs, you should consider:

  • the nature of the work you do
  • workplace hazards and risks (including specific hazards requiring special arrangements)
  • the nature and size of your workforce
  • the work patterns of your staff
  • holiday and other absences of those who will be first-aiders and appointed persons
  • your organisation’s history of accidents

You may also need to consider:

  • the needs of travelling, remote and lone workers
  • the distribution of your workforce
  • the remoteness of any of your sites from emergency medical services
  • whether your employees work on shared or multi-occupancy sites
  • first-aid provision for non-employees (eg members of the public).

HSE has published further guidance[1] on all the factors above that will help you carry out your first-aid needs assessment.

You may also wish to consider our suite of case studies[2], containing scenario-based examples of first-aid needs assessments for a variety of workplaces. They demonstrate the general principles involved in deciding on the provision you should make for first aid, but you should not assume the outcomes shown are directly transferable to your workplace.

You do not need to record the findings of your needs assessment, but you may find it useful to do so, as it will demonstrate how you have decided on the first-aid provision that you make.

The minimum requirement in terms of personnel is to appoint a person to take charge of first-aid arrangements. The roles of this appointed person include looking after the first-aid equipment and facilities and calling the emergency services when required. The appointed person can also provide emergency cover, within their role and competence, where a first-aider is absent due to unforeseen circumstances. An appointed person is not required to have any formal training.

If your workplace has more significant health and safety risks, for example you use machinery or hazardous materials then you are more likely to need a trained first-aider.

There are no hard and fast rules on exact numbers, and you will need to take into account all the relevant circumstances of your particular workplace.

How can I get IPAF replacement card / certificate?

To get a replacement IPAF PAL Card or certificate you must contact the original training centre where the training took place, they are the only people who can get you a replacement card/certificate. You will need to have the following information, Name, Date of Birth, Operator Number if known (this is on the certificate), there is a cost involved please contact the training centre.

How many first aiders?

There are no hard and fast rules on exact numbers. It will depend on the circumstances of your workplace. After working through the checklist in Table 1, refer to Table 2 which provides a general guide on how many appointed persons or first aiders you might need. The numbers given in Table 2 are suggestions only. You should assess your first-aid needs in the light of your particular circumstances.

Where there are special circumstances, such as shift work or sites with several buildings, there may need to be more first-aid personnel than set out in Table 2. You will also need to increase your provision to cover for absences.

Table 1 Checklist for assessment of first-aid needs

Point to consider Impact on first-aid provision

Hazards (use the findings of your general risk assessment and take account of any parts of your workplace with different work activities/hazards that may require different levels of first-aid provision)

Does your workplace have low-level hazards, eg the ones you might find in offices and shops?

The minimum provision is: ˜ an appointed person to take charge of first-aid arrangements; ˜ a suitably stocked first-aid kit.

Does your workplace have higher-level hazards, such as chemicals or dangerous machinery? Do your work activities involve special hazards, such as hydrofluoric acid or confined spaces?

You should consider: ˜ providing first-aiders; ˜ additional training for first-aiders to deal with injuries caused by special hazards; ˜ additional first-aid equipment; ˜ precise location of first-aid equipment; ˜ providing a first-aid room; ˜ informing the emergency services in advance.

Employees

How many people are employed on site? The minimum provision is: ˜ an appointed person to take charge of first-aid arrangements; ˜ a suitably stocked first-aid box. Depending on your circumstances, you should consider providing: ˜ first-aiders; ˜ additional first-aid equipment; ˜ a first-aid room.

Are there inexperienced workers on site (including those on ‘work experience’), or employees with disabilities or particular health problems?

You should consider: ˜ additional training for first-aiders; ˜ additional first-aid equipment; ˜ location of first-aid equipment.

Accidents and ill-health records

What injuries and illness have occurred in your workplace and where did they happen?

Make sure your first-aid provision caters for the type of injuries and illness that might occur in your workplace. Monitor accidents and ill health, and review your first-aid provision as appropriate.

Working arrangements

Do you have employees who travel a lot, work remotely or work alone?

You should consider: ˜ issuing personal first-aid kits; ˜ issuing personal communicators/ mobile phones to employees.

Do any of your employees work shifts or work out of hours?

You should ensure there is adequate first-aid provision at all times people are at work.

Are the premises spread out, eg are there several buildings on the site or multi-floor buildings?

You should consider provision in each building or on each floor.

Is your workplace remote from emergency medical services?

You should: ˜ inform the emergency services of your location; ˜ consider special arrangements with the emergency services; ˜ consider emergency transport requirements.

Do any of your employees work at sites occupied by other employers?

You should make arrangements with other site occupiers to ensure adequate provision of first aid. A written agreement between employers is strongly recommended.

Do you have enough provision to cover for your first-aiders or appointed persons when they are absent?

You should consider: ˜ what cover is needed for annual leave and other planned absences; ˜ what cover is needed for unplanned and exceptional absences.

Non-employees

Do members of the public visit your premises?

Under the Regulations, you have no legal duty to provide first aid for non-employees, but HSE strongly recommends that you include them in your first-aid provision

Table 2

Suggested numbers of first-aid personnel to be available at all times people are at work

From your risk assessment, what degree of hazard is associated with your work activities?

How many employees do you have?

What first-aid personnel do you need?

Low-hazard, eg offices, shops, libraries

Fewer than 25 At least one appointed person

25–50 At least one first-aider trained in EFAW

More than 50 At least one first-aider trained in FAW for every 100 employed (or part thereof)

Higher-hazard, eg light engineering and assembly work, food processing, warehousing, extensive work with dangerous machinery or sharp instruments, construction, chemical manufacture

Fewer than 5 At least one appointed person

5–50 At least one first-aider trained in EFAW or FAW depending on the type of injuries that might occur

More than 50 At least one first-aider trained in FAW for every 50 employed (or part thereof)

NB This table refers to FAW and EFAW – but you may choose some other level of training appropriate for your circumstances.

IPAF Online training

IPAF's new, enhanced E-Learning module is part of its full training programme for mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs). The eLearning module delivers flexibility and interactive tools, with the same emphasis on practical training.

Together with supervised written and practical testing of operator skills, the E-Learning module can lead to a PAL Card (Powered Access Licence) which proves that the operator has successfully completed the training and is able to operate MEWPs safely.

Benefits:

  • Flexible
  • Trainees complete the theory part anytime, anywhere, on any device, at their own pace
  • Interactive
  • Engages trainees with games, quizzes, videos and simulations

Operator E-Learning does not replace practical training. Trainees who complete the online session must still pass a supervised theory test at an IPAF-approved training centre and must successfully complete a minimum half-day of practical training and testing before being issued a PAL Card as proof of successfully completed operator training.

What is a First Aider?

A first-aider is someone who has done training appropriate to the level identified in the First Aid Needs assessment.

This may be:

˜first aid at work (FAW); or ˜ emergency first aid at work (EFAW); or ˜ some other first-aid training appropriate to the particular circumstances of your workplace.

Please see First Aid training for more information

What is PAL+ ?

Pal + is an additional one day of additional training for experienced IPAF operators, the training can only take place at an IPAF approved training centre (Safe Training Services is approved for IPAF PAL+ training) please click here for additional information.

What should be in a first aid kit?

There is no mandatory list of items to put in a first-aid box.

It depends on what you assess your needs to be. As a guide, where work activities involve low level hazards, a minimum stock of first-aid items would be:

˜

a leaflet giving general guidance on first aid (eg HSE’s leaflet Basic advice on first aid at work );

˜

individually wrapped sterile plasters (of assorted sizes), appropriate to the type of work (you can provide hypoallergenic plasters if necessary);

˜

sterile eye pads;

˜

individually wrapped triangular bandages, preferably sterile;

˜

safety pins;

˜

large, individually wrapped, sterile, unmedicated wound dressings;

˜

medium-sized, individually wrapped, sterile, unmedicated wound dressings;

˜

disposable gloves (you can find more advice at www.hse.gov.uk/skin/employ/gloves.htm).

This is a suggested contents list only.

The contents of any first-aid kit should reflect the outcome of your first-aid needs assessment.

It is recommended that you don’t keep tablets and medicines in the first-aid box.

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